Rites of Passage in Hinduism, Judaism and Christianity Pt. 1 of 2 (2023)


By Whitney Wilke through Professor Rev. Dr. James Kenneth Powell II, opensourcebuddhism.org This very clear explanation of what a rite of passage is and the roles these play in three major traditions. We hear of the jatakarma and initiation of the unknowing child to Krishna belief, through the sacred thread and caste/social obligation to the death rituals and final rite of passage. Judaism is next, and ouch! Circumcision and the bris kit. Girls are included these days as evinced by the simchat bat. Bar and now bat mitzvahs are the subject of the next segment. Boys and girls are now adults and can marry and all of it at age 13 and 12 years of age! Just like the old days. Christianity finalizes this examination. Baptism, eucharist, confirmation and marriage are among the sacraments. Catholics like more such rituals, while extreme Protestants seem to go for baptism and Eucharist only. This is a very professionally produced work, very apt images and music, narration is constant and well-enunciated without music overwhelming the narration. Nice job!


A rite of passage can be defined as a ritual or ceremony, signifying an event in a person's life that indicates the transition from one phase to the other rites of passage are universal.

And most concentrate on the transitional stage, which is known as liminal from the latin Limon, meaning threshold, because it is full of uncertainty, archaeological burial evidence finds strongly suggest that these rites were performed in the very early stages of human civilization.

French archaeologist Arnold, Ben Gunn up believe that rites of passage consider consisted of three stages.

He theorized that a person is first symbolically, separated from their old status, undergoes an adjustment to a new status during the period of transition and is finally reincorporated in society, according to their new status, religious fights for the youth typically include a form of birth celebration as well as a form of Anish Asian or coming-of-age ceremony, all religions exhibit some forms of these rites with each emphasizing the physical intellectual and spiritual growth of the individual, the moral and ethical code of the society and religion impacts the type of instruction and kinds of values that are implemented during these important transitions Hindu rites of passage called samskaras serve to purify the soul at critical points in life.

Some SCARA means mental impression and the ceremonies help to create a good and mental impression for stepping positively from one phase in life to the next.

These passages are considered to be essential for members of the three higher varnas in the Hindu caste system, the four sets of Rights that are most commonly practiced among Hindus include Giada karma.

The birth ceremony, opana Jana.

The initiation ceremony, vivre, haha a marriage ceremony and an aunt yet, she the funeral and rites for the dead.

The birth ceremonies, Giada karma, welcomes the baby into the world.

The main objective of these ceremonies is to inculcate Hindu values into the child, even when they are ignorant about their importance.

Giada karma, ceremonies, go back into the time of Lord Krishna would state which dates to 5,000 years ago by Hindu tradition during the initial ceremony performed in the home after the child is born.

The father places, a small amount of ghee, which is liquid butter and honey on the baby's tongue and whispers the name of Lord Krishna in his ear.

On the 11th day after birth, the parents celebrate the name, giving ceremony the name is traditionally chosen, according to the position of the moon on the child's birth chart and horoscope.

The child is dressed neatly in clothes.

And its name is whispered into its ear three times by the father in addition to being written with rice on a plate to symbolically announce.

These rights are always followed by an obligatory feast and sometimes include songs and a haven or fire.

Sacrifice other ceremonies, follow each symbolizing different phases of childhood, including a child's first outing at two weeks, the first haircut at one to three years and the piercing of the loaves at three to five years of age sacred thread ceremony or open ayianna is write a passage ritual where the concepts of brahman.

And the nature of the ultimate reality is introduced to a young boy.

It also marks the beginning of the learning of the Vedic texts.

It is typically practice among the three highest classes and symbolizes the boy's acceptance into his caste position or Varna at which point he becomes twice born who Panna jana means sitting close by the Guru or spiritual teacher.

And traditionally, the boy would move away from his home to a teacher's home, where significance was placed on studying the Vedas and developing character, each even members of the royal family were trained to live simply without luxuries or sense, gratification in order to keep their minds pure and unspoiled.

The ceremony itself includes shaving of the head bathing and wearing new clothes receiving the sacred thread and listening to the gaya Gayatri mantra from a priest or guru, who may also give the boy a new spiritual name, the joy or sacred thread, consists of three folds, representing the new goddesses jrt, the goddess of mine Saraswati, the goddess of word and Savitri, the goddess of deed one who wears the sacred thread must be pure in his thought were indeed the knot in the middle represents Brahman, the pure form of n, an energy that permeates all.

And that illustrates the fact that everything in the universe emerges from and is somehow connected with Brahman.

The thread is traditionally hung over the left shoulder and is to be one worn one's entire life being replaced each year in a changeover ceremony after that you pani, onna ceremony, the child is to recite the Gayatri mantra, three times a day at dawn noon and dusk.

The open ayianna ceremony is traditionally only opened boys, however, with changing attitudes, some Hindu groups initiate girls as well, although they usually do not receive the Djinn away, the rites of passage in the Jewish faith also mark, the transition from one life stage to the next while emphasizing the increase in responsibility and value in the community through these rites of passage, Jews learn to identify themselves as members of the chosen people with special duties and responsibilities.

A major events surrounding the life of a Jewish youth include birth, which is celebrated with a Brit Milah or sim, shat bhatt and the coming-of-age celebrated by a Bar or Bat Mitzvah.

The Brit Milah ceremony is a circumcision right that is performed 8 days after birth, following in the example from the Torah, which states that Abraham Serkis circumcised Isaac on the eighth day.

This ceremony confirms the transition of the infant from being a child of Adam being a member of the Jewish people.

Now entering the Covenant of Abraham, a mohel or richly trained surgeon performs the minor operation is delegated by the Father.

The mohel temporarily places, the child in the chair of elijah, which is symbolic in the hopes of redemption before giving the child to the sandack, which is the god father to hold during the operation according to ancient procedure after the circumcision, the boy is handed to the father while the mohel recites blessings and announces the name of the child usually expressed as son of Abraham.

Some boys may have double names, a Hebrew and a related vernacular name.

The form formal birth ritual for infant.

Girls is called a sim chatbot.

The ceremony welcomes newborn girls into the covenant between God and Israel.

Traditionally, girls have been given their names in a simple.

Naming ceremony, however, many new birth ceremonies have been introduced in the recent years, including the sim chatbot, which means rejoicing the daughter because there is no established ritual for infant girls.

The elements of the celebration of birth are open to the personal wishes of the parents or caregivers Byron.

But Mitzvah ceremony, celebrate the coming of age of Jewish boys or girls.

Barban spy literally means son of the commandment and Bat Mitzvahs, translated as daughter of the Commandant.

These ceremonies are typically irregular Sabbath's service in which the young boy or girl participates for the first time as an adult and takes on numerous responsibilities at 13 and 12 years of age respectively, boys and girls are no morally responsible for their own actions are old enough to be married under the Jewish law and are able to own possessions as personal property during the actual ceremony.

The child is called up to read the Torah, the most holy of sacred writings in Judaism.

This act is called an Aliyah from the Hebrew meaning to rise to ascend to go up the reading of the Torah symbolic in the transition of the to adulthood and marks the young boy or girl to being an official member of the Jewish community.

Most of the time congregations require a child to participate in up to four years, a formal religious instruction, if they wish to hold a Bar or Bat Mitzvah at synagogue, the study of the Torah traditionally begins very early ages, three to four years for boys.

And in having the child, fine and trace letters of their names, which are covered in honey, symbolizing.

The hope from the sweetness of life devoted to Torah a pair, black leather boxes containing parchment, including viable verses called a Tefilin is typically worn through 30 days before the 13th birthday of a Jewish male symbolizing God, bringing the children out of his out of Israel out of slavery in Egypt, but but mitzvahs are a fairly recent development and were first performed in 1922.

Traditionally, it was thought that young girls did not need a bat mitzvah right? Because they didn't have the same rights of men as men to read the Torah or to be counted in a minyan, a group of people required for religious obligations.

However, with the expansion of women's rights, the bat mitzvah has grown enormously in popularity and is even practiced by many Orthodox, Jews, Christian, rites of passage are most often referred to as sacraments and can vary from different degrees under different denominations or large group of religious congregations, united under a common faith and name baptism Eucharist confirmation and marriage are some of the rights that are celebrated.

Most Christian, churches, Catholic, churches, practice all these sacraments while some Protestant churches place less importance on them or ignore.

Some altogether baptism is a practice most readily associated with Christianity and comes from the Greek Greek baptizo, translated as immersing.


What are the 5 rites of passage in Hinduism? ›

The Traditional Hindu Rites of Passage. Among the sixteen bodily (śarīra) saṃskāras that are still performed are the name-giving ceremony (nāmakaraṇa), the first rice feeding (annapraśanna), tonsure (cūḍākaraṇa), initiation (upanayana), marriage (vivāha), and the funeral (antyeṣṭi).

What are the rites of passage in Christianity? ›

Rites of passage , such as baptisms , marriages and funerals, are held in local churches. This important function of churches enables whole communities to be involved in these celebrations in the lives of Christians.

What is one way in which Hinduism is different from Christianity or Judaism? ›

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic, with one omnipotent and omniscient deity. Hinduism allows for the worship of numerous, powerful gods and goddesses. Buddhism and Daoism also accept the existence of multiple divine beings in various forms and incarnations.

What is a rite of passage in religion? ›

There are rites of passage in every religion. They usually involve rituals or ceremonies to mark significant moments in a person's life, such as birth, adolescence, marriage and death. These highly symbolic ceremonies also prepare people of faith for new roles in their personal lives and church communities.

What are the 4 rites of passage in Hinduism? ›

Samskaras in Hinduism are sacraments that begin with one's birth, celebrate certain early steps in a baby's growth and his or her welcome into the world in the presence of friends and family, then various stages of life such as first learning day, graduation from school, wedding and honeymoon, pregnancy, raising a ...

What are the 4 main rites of passage? ›

Ceremonies that mark important transitional periods in a person's life, such as birth, puberty, marriage, having children, and death.

What are the 5 rites of Christianity? ›

The Seven Sacraments are: Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, Ordination, Marriage, Reconciliation, and The Anointing of the Sick. The two most important sacraments are Baptism and the Eucharist. Baptism is the ritual prayer-action through which a person becomes a member of the Christian community, the Church.

What are 3 examples of rites of passage? ›

Graduation from school, divorce, and retirement at the end of a work life are also major transitions in modern large-scale societies. . In North America today, typical rites of passage are baptisms, bar mitzvahs and confirmations, school graduation ceremonies, weddings, retirement parties, and funerals.

What are the 3 rites of passage? ›

At their most basic, all rites of passage are characterized by three distinct phases: separation (leaving the familiar), transition (a time of testing, learning and growth), and return (incorporation and reintegration).

What are 2 differences between Hinduism and Judaism? ›

In Judaism God is transcendent, while in Hinduism God is both immanent and transcendent. Different Hindu sects have a variety of beliefs about the nature and identity of god, believing variously in monotheism, polytheism, pantheism, and panentheism.

What are the similarities between Christianity Judaism and Hinduism? ›

There are notable similarities in notions of sacrifice, good works, hospitality, peace, justice, pilgrimage, an afterlife and loving God with all one's heart and soul. All three religions honor the concept of purification by fasting (to some extent), during Ramadan and Lent and on Yom Kippur.

What is different between Hinduism and Judaism? ›

One example is that the Hindus are polytheistic, and though there are 3 main gods, they also worship a number of other gods. The Jews, in turn, worship only one god, who they believe to be the one and only ruler and creator.

What is a rite of passage quizlet? ›

rites of passage. religious rituals that mark important changes in individual status or social position at different points in the life cycle, such as birth, marriage or death.

What do you call a rite of passage? ›

synonyms for rite of passage

Most relevant. baptism. circumcision. initiation. initiation rite.

What is an example of a non religious rite of passage? ›

A non-religious rite of passage commonly encountered in contemporary American life is a girl getting her first menstrual cycle. This is often seen as a symbol of a girl's transition into womanhood and is celebrated in a variety of ways.

What are the rites of Hindu religion? ›

The most common rituals practiced in all Hindu households are puja, meditation, silent prayers, yoga, recitation of scriptures from Bhagavad Gita or bhajans, reading religious books, participating in Satsang (prayer meets), performing charitable work, visiting a temple, and chanting the name of their beloved God.

What is the religious passage on Hinduism? ›

Hinduism is the world's oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with more than 1 billion followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam. Roughly 94 percent of the world's Hindus live in India.

What are the religious rites Hindu? ›

Hindu practices include worship (puja), fire rituals (homa/havan), devotion (bhakti), fasting (vrata), chanting (japa), meditation (dhyāna), sacrifice (yajña), charity (dāna), selfless service (sevā), learning and knowledge (jñāna), recitation and exposition of scriptures (pravacana), homage to one's ancestors (śrāddha ...

Who proposed the 3 rites of passages? ›

It was van Gennep who established the term rites de passage as the term anthropologists use to define the category of rituals that mark the passage of a person through the life cycle, from one stage to another over time, from one role or social position to another, integrating the human and cultural experiences with ...

What are the 4 fundamentals of Christianity? ›

The Northern Presbyterian Church (now Presbyterian Church in the United States of America) influenced the movement with the definition of the five "fundamentals" in 1910, namely biblical inerrancy, nature divine of Jesus Christ, his virgin birth, resurrection of Christ, and his return.

What are the 5 religious order? ›

9 of the Most Well Known Catholic Religious Orders
  • Franciscans (Order of Friars Minor)
  • Carthusians (Carthusian Order)
  • Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
  • Benedictines (Order of St. Benedict)
  • Salesians (The Society of St. Francis de Sales)
  • Missionaries of Charity.
  • Dominicans (Order of Preachers)
  • Augustinians (Order of St.

What are the examples of rites? ›

Religious rites include prayers involving praise (worship or adoration), petition and confession, vows, commissions such as ordination, rites of passage such as baptism, confirmation, marriage ceremonies, funeral rites and burials, communion or the Eucharist (also called mass, the Lord's supper), feasts, fasts, alms ...

Why baptism is a rite of passage? ›

Water is used to purify the person and to symbolise the washing away of original sin. People are baptised in the name of the Trinity – the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit enters the person's life at Baptism and they become a full member of the Christian community.

What are the cultural rites of passage grade 6? ›

They are birth, baptism, marriage and death.

Why are there 3 rites? ›

The Three Rites of Reconciliation

First Rite – for the Reconciliation of Individual Penitents. Second Rite – for Reconciliation of Several Penitents with Individual Confession and Absolution. Third Rite – for Reconciliation with General Confession and Absolution.

What are the 3 stages of a rite of passage quizlet? ›

  • What is a rite of passage? Is a ceremony, event or ritual that signifies change in life or status.
  • How many stages are there? There are 3 stages. ...
  • Stage 1: Segregation. ...
  • Stage 2: Transition/Liminal. ...
  • Stage 3: Incorporation and Reintegration. ...
  • Examples are in notebook.

What are the two types of Hinduism? ›

It evolved from the Vedic religion of ancient India. The major branches of Hinduism are Vaishnavism and Shaivism, each of which includes many different sects.

Is Hinduism similar to Christianity? ›

Christianity revolves heavily around the life of Jesus Christ as detailed in the Bible, whereas Hinduism is not based on any one personality or one book, but rather on the philosophy that there is a god, or no god and just self, etc.

What are the differences between Buddhism and Christianity? ›

Christians believe that there is a God, whereas Buddhism has no god. The Buddha pointed the way, whereas Jesus said that he was the way. Christianity promises believers eternal life. Buddhism's highest state, the state of enlightenment, is freedom from being reborn.

What are three similarities between Judaism and Christianity? ›

These religions share many common beliefs: (1) there is one God, (2) mighty and (3) good, (4) the Creator, (5) who reveals His Word to man, and (6) answers prayers.

Does Hinduism believe in one God? ›

In most regions, at least half of Hindus believe in one God with many manifestations, but in the Northeast, most Hindus believe in one God alone (56%). And Hindus in the South are somewhat more likely than those in other regions to say there are many gods (18% vs. 7% nationally).

How is Hinduism unlike Judaism Christianity and Islam? ›

Unlike Judaism, Christianity and Islam, which focus on the actions of a single lifetime, Hindu belief centers on a continuous process of birth and rebirth that ultimately releases the true self from the limitations of body and the ego – a freeing of the spirit called moksha.

What is Christianity Judaism Islam and Hinduism? ›

World religions is a category used in the study of religion to demarcate the five—and in some cases more—largest and most internationally widespread religious movements. Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism are always included in the list, being known as the "Big Five".

How did Judaism differ from other religions? ›

Jews were monotheists—they believed in and worshipped only one god. This stands out to historians because monotheism was relatively unique in the ancient world. Most ancient societies were polytheistic—they believed in and worshiped multiple gods.

When did Judaism start? ›

Judaism originated with the biblical patriarch Abraham (approx 1800 BCE). Abraham established a covenant with God that was confirmed with the reception of the Torah (the Law including the Ten Commandments) from God through Moses to the Jewish people at Mount Sinai approximately 3,320 years ago.

What is the most important rite of passage? ›

Many of the most important and common rites of passage are connected with the biological crises, or milestones, of life—birth, maturity, reproduction, and death—that bring changes in social status and, therefore, in the social relations of the people concerned.

What is rite of passage spirituality? ›

Rites of passage can encompass the whole life cycle, from birth to death. Rites of passage generally can be described as having 3 stages, which we call Severance, Threshold and Return, and which suggest the psycho-spiritual idea of dying to one's old life, stepping into the unknown, and returning to take on a new life.

Is a rite of passage a tradition? ›

Some rituals, like marriages, may be considered a specific kind of ritual known as a rite of passage. A rite of passage is a tradition that marks a time when a person is moving from one state of being to another.

Why are rites of passage important? ›

Rites of passages and rituals are usually important for social or religious/spiritual reasons. Rites of passages and rituals are examples of culture that influence the way people (humans) act and behave. They are also very important because they help to keep society stable .

How many rite of passage are there? ›

Rite to Birthright, Rite to Adulthood, Rite to Marriage, Rite to Eldership and Rite to Ancestorship. Although there are five different rites of passage, they can more or less be distilled down to three steps: Separation, Transition, and Reincorporation.

What is traditional rites? ›

(raɪt ) countable noun. A rite is a traditional ceremony that is carried out by a particular group or within a particular society.

What are the religious initiation rituals? ›

Baptism, Confirmation and the first reception of Eucharist combine to form the sacraments of Christian Initiation. Through them one enters fully into the life of the Church. They are celebrated together for adults as the completion of the catechumenate – the lengthy process of preparation for Church membership.

What is a right of passage in law? ›

Right of passage, in international law, means (approximately) a country's right for its ships to pass through the territorial seas of foreign states and straits used for international navigation.

Why is marriage a rite of passage? ›

Marriage is the 13th rite of passage that is considered as a transition from the first stage of life. The first part of a person's life is primarily spent on learning and acquiring education while the next part is committed to marriage, raising a family and building a home.

What is 5 rites? ›

The Five Tibetan Rites are an ancient yoga practice that consists of a sequence of five exercises performed 21 times a day. Practitioners report that the program has many physical, mental, and spiritual benefits. These effects are thought to restore a person's vitality and strength.

What are 6 examples of rites of passage? ›

In North America today, typical rites of passage are baptisms, bar mitzvahs and confirmations, school graduation ceremonies, weddings, retirement parties, and funerals.

What are the rites of passage for death in Hinduism? ›

Placing the palms in a position of prayer and tying the big toes together. Dressing the deceased's body in smart clothes (contemporary) or wrapping it in a white sheet (traditional) Placing a garland of flowers and 'pinda' (rice balls) around their loved ones. Putting a lamp near the head or sprinkling water on the ...

What are the benefits of five rites? ›

Improve your energy and vitality with the Five Tibetan Rites yoga...
  • improved physical strength.
  • endurance and vigor.
  • an enhanced sense of wellbeing and harmony.
  • enhanced vitality and energy.
Apr 18, 2021

When to do 5 Tibetan Rites? ›

It's optimal to practice in the morning before breakfast or in the evening before going to bed. However, some people feel more energized after performing the Five Tibetan Rites, so you may find it counterproductive to practice before bed as it would wind you up rather than down.

What are the 6 rites in Christianity? ›

The Seven Sacraments are: Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, Ordination, Marriage, Reconciliation, and The Anointing of the Sick.

What are examples of passage rites? ›

Common examples are initiation ceremonies of college fraternities, sororities, and honorary societies; adult fraternal societies; and social groups of other kinds centred on common interests.

What are the 3 main traditions of Hinduism? ›

Four major traditions are, however, used in scholarly studies: Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smartism. These are sometimes referred to as the denominations of Hinduism, and they differ in the primary deity at the centre of the tradition.

What is last rites Hindu? ›

Every religion has its own unique funerary and mourning traditions that guide the bereaved through loss. In Hinduism, funeral rites are known as antyesti, which translates as “last sacrifice,” and they are informed by the idea that the body and soul are distinct entities.

What are initiation rites in Hinduism? ›

They are generally preceded by preparatory fasting, bathing, and dressing in new clothes, and in the act of initiation they include placing special marks on the body or forehead, taking a new name, receiving from the preceptor (the initiate's teacher) a selected mantra (prayer formula), and worship.

What is the Hindu rite of passage for marriage? ›

The Hindu marriage ceremony is considered sacred , binding a man and woman together for life. It takes the Hindu couple into the second ashrama . Traditionally, the day before the marriage, the bride has her hands and feet decorated with beautiful designs made with henna .

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: The Hon. Margery Christiansen

Last Updated: 19/07/2023

Views: 5525

Rating: 5 / 5 (70 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: The Hon. Margery Christiansen

Birthday: 2000-07-07

Address: 5050 Breitenberg Knoll, New Robert, MI 45409

Phone: +2556892639372

Job: Investor Mining Engineer

Hobby: Sketching, Cosplaying, Glassblowing, Genealogy, Crocheting, Archery, Skateboarding

Introduction: My name is The Hon. Margery Christiansen, I am a bright, adorable, precious, inexpensive, gorgeous, comfortable, happy person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.